Pride and Prejudice, Servants

The Help–Part 2

But he was set right there by Mrs. Bennet, who assured him with some asperity that they were very well able to keep a good cook, and that her daughters had nothing to do in the kitchen. — Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen

Although the Bennets were of somewhat higher means than the Dashwoods, they still employed only a few servants for their small country cottage, despite their dwindling budget and with so many able young daughters.

As most of us have made do without servants and somehow managed to fend for ourselves quite easily, it probably seems a bit odd that a family whose finances have taken a shock would employ any servants. However, according to Kelly Giles in her essay Help!—Servants During the Regency, “before electricity and indoor plumbing it took a lot of manpower (or more often womanpower) to keep a household running. Keeping even a modest home lit, heated, and clean could be a full-time job. Maintaining a grand home and an equally grand lifestyle might require a small army. The Duke of Westminster employed 50 servants at Eaton Hall.” Additionally, the local economy relied heavily on the availability of such positions. Domestic service was one of the few employment opportunities for those of lesser means, especially for women. Many families had members in service for several generations.


However large estates such as Netherfield and Pemberley would need as many as one hundred servants to take care of both the house and the grounds effectively. It took a ton of hands to keep everything running smoothly so that the stewards of the estates could preserve them for future generations

If you are curious about the servants necessary for the running of homes of wealthier families, has compiled a useful list of the “servant hierarchy” of the nineteenth century:

Served, but were not considered Servants


Land Stewart

House Steward

Senior Servants




Head Gardener

Game Keeper

Upper Servants




Lady’s maid


Lower Servants


Under Butler


Stable Boy

Boot Boy

Hall Boy

Ground Keeper

Parlour Maid


Upper Laundry-maid

Still-room Maid

Maids-of-all-work (“between maids”)

Under Cook

Kitchen Maid Scullery Maid

Unclassified Servants



For more detailed information about the individual positions mentioned above, definitely check out



Help!—Servants During the Regency by Kelly Giles

Below Stairs: The Servant Hierarchy 19th Century by Genie Bohn

Regency Servants: Maid of All Work by Vic

More Information

Below Stairs by Margaret Powell

(The 1920’s maid’s memoir that inspired the creation of Downton Abbey. Not the same century, granted, but still a super cool resource!)


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